The City of Rotterdam and the Rotterdam Port Authority will roll out shore power for sea-going vessels at berth. The aim is that in 2030 a large proportion of the sea-going ships at berth will be ‘plugged in.’ Diesel generators can be switched off, which is suitable for air quality, CO2 emissions, and, last but not least, noise pollution.
According to the alderman for sustainability, Mr. Arno Bonte, the plan is an essential step in making the port more sustainable: “With shore power, we connect ships to a clean energy source. In this way, we prevent air pollution and noise nuisance. That is beneficial for residents and nature areas. The port will become a lot greener again”. Mr. Allard Castelein, CEO of the Port of Rotterdam Authority: “Our vision is ambitious, but also pragmatic. We will set up eight to ten shore power projects for various types of sea-going vessels. We will do this in collaboration with the companies in the port and with the shipping companies.
If ships are moored at the quay, they can also be connected to the electricity grid. Both ships, terminals (quays), and the electricity grid must be suitable for this. Sea-going vessels use as much electricity as 250,000 to 300,000 households each year while they are moored at the quay. As a result, 600,000 tons of CO2 and 8,000 tons of nitrogen are released into the air. As a result of the quayside electricity strategy, 200,000 tons of CO2 can be saved by 2030. Noise, nuisance, and annoyance caused by berthed sea-going vessels will reduce remarkably.
In recent years, a shore-based power connection has been realized at almost all public berths for inland shipping in Rotterdam. Inland vessels consume much less power than sea-going ships. Stena Line’s ferry in Hoek van Holland has already been using shore-based power for a long time to limit inconvenience to the surrounding area. Eneco and the Port Authority are currently building a quayside electricity supply for Heerema’s offshore vessels regularly moored at Rozenburg.
Because there are significant differences between ships and locations where they moor, the shore power strategy has three pillars. The first is mainly focused on the living environment’s quality by providing shore power to public quays in urban areas. The goal is that 90% of this electricity will be used by visiting ships in 2030. The second pillar is characterized by ‘big steps, where that is possible.’ The aim is to install shore power facilities for ferries, roll-on roll-off, offshore, and cruise ships, which will also be used for 90% in 2030. For the container sector, the ambition is to have 50% use of shore-side electricity by 2030 for large ships. The third pillar involves developing innovations for, for example, wet bulk carriers, for which there are as yet insufficient possibilities for shore-side electricity.
The aim is to realize eight to ten concrete quayside electricity projects in the coming years, divided over the program’s three pillars. It is expected that a total of approximately € 125 million will be needed for this. Most of this can be funded by the companies involved, the municipality, and the Port Authority.
Last year, the port in the north German port of Hamburg invested in ten new shore- power connections for cruise and container ships, which are due for completion in 2022.